5G and Edge Computing: Disruption is yet to come!
By Dane Avanzi
Much is said about the ultra-fast speeds that 5G networks will deliver to their customers worldwide. Technology will be a watershed by enabling the transfer of large amounts of data in record time in the IoT – Internet of Things environment that will revolutionize cities, industry, agribusiness, and the daily lives of billions of people worldwide. all parts of the world.
What few people know is the infrastructure of servers, towers, antennas, fiber optics, satellites and nano satellites that will support the new World Wide Web. Most people are also unaware of the plethora of systems required for a simple voice call or text message to be sent successfully.
In agribusiness, for example, the revolution will also come through the integration and convergence of ICT – Information and Communication Technology systems. Telecommunication platforms will integrate to enable data and voice demands, enabling the combination of various services, such as digital radio, telemetry, satellite, 3G and 4G, to enable the growing demands of industry 4.0 in the field. The multi networking concept, ie multiple networks working together, is one of the prerogatives of the Internet of Things.
The advent of IoT will deploy billions of devices on the network that will support APP’s – Application, from many different applications. Smart cities projects around the world foresee the deployment of devices that will monitor and manage various essential services in a city, such as electricity, water supply, sewage treatment, traffic engineering, and more.
Today, data collected by computers and smartphones is stored and sent to the cloud, which is, in fact, a poetic and beautiful name to designate a wide range of servers that process and wait for a lot, but a lot of information. With a few billion more devices coming in from endless IoT applications and services, today’s computers won’t be able to handle the demand.
And that’s where a new network architecture called Edge Computing comes up. This new network architecture will decentralize data storage, processing and management, and will be integrated quickly and effectively with Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain platforms. To mitigate latency issues (delays in information traffic), a new network topology will be required, allowing locally processed information to be different from what it is today.
In this context, the path to smart and effective services that will take place via 5G, nano satellites and other telecommunication innovations will have a way to go before this reality comes true. Prospects are great, and it will require planning and strategy efforts from ICT teams to tailor business strategy to a solid, structured and stable innovation roadmap.