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Internet Civil Framework: the similarities between Brazil and China

Since complaints by former CIA agent Edward Snodew about the routine of spying on ordinary US citizens and heads of state around the world, increasing the security of information exchanged via the Internet has become a top priority on the corporate agenda. that make up the internet ecosystem, governments and citizens in general.

The activity of espionage is not new in human history, in fact, it is so old that it is lost in the mists of the oldest civilizations. What is most surprising about the “Snodew” scandal is that ordinary citizens had (and have) their e-mail and telephone communications intercepted, a fact that violates the fundamental right guaranteed by the democratic rule of law, regardless of privacy. The right to privacy is closely linked to another right, the right to freedom, which is undoubtedly the most important of all.

In China, everyday activities for Brazilians, such as watching a video on YouTube, accessing social networks, or searching for a theme on Google, are nearly impossible. Such control is possible thanks to a central computer and software system that centralizes all access and exchange of files that take place in Chinese territory with the rest of the network in the world, nicknamed in the digital universe as “Great Firewall of China”, alluding to great Wall of China. Such apparatus controls all online content circulating in the country, barring what is considered inappropriate. As the phrase suggests, firewalls are a protective barrier that can block access to unwanted content.

In order to tighten control even more, last week the Chinese government announced new rules for the use of blogs and internet chat rooms. First, users will now be required to complete their personal data in order to access services on the Internet, as well as to promise that they will not speak against the central government. The new rules announced last week ask Internet services to ask users to sign a contract saying they will not engage in “illegal and unhealthy” activities. That is, contrary to the government.

In order to create mechanisms that guarantee the security of information of Brazilian Internet users on the Internet and that also curb and reduce the practice of crimes on the Internet, the debate on the Civil Code of the Internet was born, a discussion that was turbocharged after the hypothesis was raised. US intelligence, including telephone conversations by our president at the time. In this context, our Internet Civil Framework has in common with China the logging of all users with which content has been accessed, which should be stored by ISPs.

While storage is useful for investigating crimes in the internet environment, such enforcement can be used against netizens if not properly managed. As for espionage, it is not simply repaired by producing a law, since we depend largely on US companies in Brazil or not for the operation of the Internet. In the old-fashioned sun-sieving style, the federal government, instead of investing in a system that could really go a step further, which would cost large sums, preferred to produce a law that, for the purpose of curbing espionage , is absolutely innocuous. Lucky or unlucky, only God knows. Do we have serious and impartial enough public institutions to handle confidential information from all Brazilians’ log? I think not.

From the old days the right to freedom has always been debased by life in society, whether by social, religious, moral and economic rules, or by the very limitation of the human condition. In this context, historically, we conclude that here in Brazil, we have never had so much freedom of expression and information, an achievement that must be preserved.

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