The Internet of Things, named for the next generation of consumer electronics, motor vehicles, and any other device capable of communicating via TCP / IP, sharing information, and interacting with other devices, is literally the “ball of the day” in strategic business planning. large and small businesses around the world.
Google, for example, which has been investing heavily for years in the GPS-driven driverless car project, recently bought thermostat company Nest for $ 3.2 billion. Among other innovations and interactions, the next version of Apple’s smartphone operating system, iOS 8, will allow you to control smart-home devices from your iPhone.
With the ability to integrate TCP / IP protocol with devices from the most common to the most sophisticated, from a coffee maker to a car, the IoT can create competitive differentials for all types of industries. In this context, many companies are coming together to unify the technology standard and align technical aspects that should be common to all devices.
To this end, more than 40 organizations, including British Telecom, IBM, Google, a number of startups and universities, are working together to enable sensors and devices to automatically share data much more easily and make it possible to popularize and spread the Internet of things. .
They dubbed such a project HyperCat. The group hopes to be able to encourage an open standards-based internet of things that enables small players to access, rather than a model in which all data will be limited by standards and applications linked to large enterprise products. Large companies often use the strategy of creating their own operating systems, protocols, and standards that do not communicate with competitors. Classic example, Windows and Apple.
The HyperCat project has formed eight teams focused on different markets where IoT could bring benefits such as education, vehicles, airports and smart cities. The groups used the HyperCat specification to create interoperability within their cluster and then across clusters. The project has already delivered tangible results with reduced energy costs and the generation of other information, including making data available for others to use.
However, protocol standardization is just one of the challenges of this new technology. We are today in the transition from IPV4 to IPV6, the system that manages the amount of existing IPs across the internet today. With the internet of things, the number of IP addresses will grow exponentially as each device will have an address on the network. Another challenge, which is much harder to overcome, is that all devices will use radio spectrum to communicate. It turns out that radioelectric space is a finite, scarce and non-renewable natural resource. Today the situation is already very critical.
In any case, this is not man’s first challenge in standardizing technology regarding the evolution of telecommunications. The first in history, which coincides with the creation of the ITU (International Telecommunication Union) in 1854, occurred on the occasion of the standardization of telegraph lines. At the time, each country had a coding and telegraph pattern.
Recently, the Internet itself reached global reach only when computer and telecommunications product manufacturers standardized on the TCP / IP protocol, as initially the wide variety of protocols did not allow interoperability between devices. This time, it will be no different. Notwithstanding the difficulties, the capacity for human creation will engender a new technology that will bring about profound changes in people’s lifestyles and the way they relate to the internet and their very existence.
Dane Avanzi is Vice President of Aerbras, Superintendent Director of the Avanzi Institute, Telecommunications Advocate, and author of the books “Digital Radiocommunication: Synergy and Productivity” and “How to Manage Projects”.
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