Of Indian origin by his maternal great-grandparents (Bororo and Terena) and paternal great-grandmother (Guana), Marechal Rondon became an early orphan, was raised by his grandfather and, after his death, moved to Rio de Janeiro to to enter the Military School: in addition to the studies being free, the students of the school received – as long as they seated square – sergeant’s salary. He enlisted in the 2nd Horse Artillery Regiment in 1881. Among other studies, he studied Mathematics and Physical and Natural Sciences at the War College.
Still a student, he participated in the abolitionist and republican movements. He was appointed head of the Mato Grosso Telegraph District. He was then appointed to the Construction Commission of the telegraph line that would link Mato Grosso and Goiás. The Republican government was concerned with the western region of Brazil, which was very isolated from the major centers and in border regions. So it decided to improve communications by building telegraph lines to the Midwest.
Rondon accomplished this mission by paving the way, clearing land, laying telegraph lines, mapping the terrain, and especially establishing cordial relations with the Indians. It maintained contact with many indigenous tribes, among them Bororo, Nhambiquara, Urupá, Jaru, Karipuna, Ariqueme, Black Mouth, New Pasha, Macuporé, Guaraya, Macurape.
• Between 1892 and 1898 he helped build the telegraph lines from Mato Grosso to Goiás, between Cuiabá and Araguaia, and a road linking Cuiabá to Goiás.
• Between 1900 and 1906 he directed the construction of another telegraph line between Cuiabá and Corumbá, reaching the borders of Paraguay and Bolivia.
• In 1906 found the ruins of the Royal Fort of Prince of Beira, the largest historical relic of Rondonia.
• In 1907, at the post of Major of the Corps of Military Engineers, he was appointed head of the commission that was to build the telegraph line from Cuiabá to Santo Antonio do Madeira, the first to reach the Amazon region, which was called the Rondon Commission.
His works developed from 1907 to 1915. At the same time, the Madeira-Mamoré railway was being built, which together with Rondon’s clearing and telegraphic integration helped to occupy the region of the present state of Rondônia.
He carried out expeditions with the Rondon commission to explore the Amazon region. In 1910 he organized and began to direct the Indian Protection Service, and from May 1913 to May 1914 he undertook another expedition, together with former United States President Theodore Roosevelt.
In September 1913, Rondon was struck by a poisoned arrow from the Nhambiquaras Indians. Being saved by the leather bandolle of his shotgun, he ordered his men not to react and retreat, demonstrating his principle of penetrating the backlands.
only with peace.
In 1914, with the Rondon Commission, it built 372 km of lines and five more telegraph stations: Pimenta Bueno, President Hermes, President Pena (later Vila de Rondônia and present-day Ji-Paraná), Jaru and Ariquemes, in the area of ??the present state of Rondônia. . On January 1, 1915, he completed his mission with the inauguration of the Santo Antônio do Madeira telegraph station.
From 1919 to 1924 he was Director of Army Engineering. With the 1930 revolution, which ousted Washington Luis and brought Getúlio Vargas to power, he was arrested. In May 1956, Juarez Távora writes: “I clarify that the fact that there was an opposite restriction on the opportunity of Marechal Rondon’s undertaking (telegraphic lines) did not mean disregard for the whole of his sertanista work – and this includes the noble effort of lay catechesis. of our Indians – Marechal Rondon was undoubtedly a pioneer. ”
Rondon accomplished this mission by paving the way, clearing land, laying telegraph lines, mapping the terrain, and especially establishing cordial relations with the Indians. He maintained contact with various indigenous peoples, however, without ever bringing the death or horror of whites to them.
Under the influence of positivism, Marshal Rondon made his creed:
That man and the world are governed by natural laws.
That science has integrated man into the universe, extending the unity constituted by woman, thus creating modest and sublime: sympathy for all beings of whom, as a poverello, one feels brother.
That science, by establishing the innateness of love, as that of selfishness, has given man the possession of himself. And the means of transforming and perfecting oneself.
That science, art and industry will make the earth a paradise for all men, regardless of races, beliefs, nations – banished the specters of war, misery, disease.
That alongside selfish forces – to be reduced to means of conserving the individual and the species – exist in the heart of man: treasures of love that life in society will increasingly sublimate.
In the laws of sociology, founded by Augusto Comte, and because the mission of intellectuals is, above all, the preparation of the human masses: disadvantaged, so that they may rise, so that they may be incorporated into society.
That, being sometimes incompatible with the interests of the Order and those of Progress, everything must be resolved in the light of Love.
That material order must be maintained, above all, because of women, the best part of all homelands and children, the homelands of the future.
That in the present state of anxiety, the solution is to let the thought free as the breath, promote the Religious League: converging all to the Love, the Common Good, put aside the differences that will be in each other as questions of intimate, without disturbing the splendid unity – which is true happiness.
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